MicroRNAs control the apoptotic threshold in primed Pluripotent stem cells through regulation of BIM

Pernaute, B and Spruce, T and Smith, K M and Sanchez-Nieto, J M and Manzanares, M and Cobb, B S and Rodriguez, T A (2014) MicroRNAs control the apoptotic threshold in primed Pluripotent stem cells through regulation of BIM. Genes & Development, 28 (17). pp. 1873-1878.

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Abstract

Mammalian primed pluripotent stem cells have been shown to be highly susceptible to cell death stimuli due to their low apoptotic threshold, but how this threshold is regulated remains largely unknown. Here we identify microRNA (miRNA)-mediated regulation as a key mechanism controlling apoptosis in the post-implantation epiblast. Moreover, we found that three miRNA families, miR-20, miR-92, and miR-302, control the mitochondrial apoptotic machinery by fine-tuning the levels of expression of the proapoptotic protein BIM. These families therefore represent an essential buffer needed to maintain cell survival in stem cells that are primed for not only differentiation but also cell death.

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