High-Grade Cutaneous Mast Cell Tumour with Widespread Intrathoracic Metastasis and Neoplastic Pericardial Effusion in a Dog

Yale, A D and Szladovits, B and Stell, A and Fitzgerald, S D and Priestnall, S L and Suarez-Bonnet, A (2020) High-Grade Cutaneous Mast Cell Tumour with Widespread Intrathoracic Metastasis and Neoplastic Pericardial Effusion in a Dog. Journal of Comparative Pathology, 180. pp. 29-34. ISSN 00219975

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcpa.2020.08.006

Abstract

An 8-year-old neutered male French Bulldog was presented with a 2-day history of intermittent vomiting, reduced appetite and recent rapid development of multiple cutaneous masses over the head and neck regions. On presentation, the patient had a moderate volume of pericardial and bilateral pleural effusion. Echocardiography demonstrated irregular, heterogeneous thickening of the walls of the right ventricle and right atrium, consistent with infiltrative intramyocardial disease. Cytological examination of fine needle aspirates from one of the cutaneous masses confirmed a mast cell tumour. Pericardial fluid analysis revealed a haemorrhagic neoplastic effusion due to mast cell neoplasia. Histopathological and immunohistochemical examination of tissues obtained post mortem confirmed a high-grade cutaneous mast cell tumour with metastasis to the heart, pericardium, mediastinum and spleen. No metastatic disease was present in the submandibular lymph nodes or liver. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated KIT staining pattern 2. There was strong nuclear Ki67 labelling in an average of 65.0 cells per grid and an average of three positive AgNORs per nucleus in neoplastic cells. Polymerase chain reaction for the activating duplication mutation in exons 8 and 11 of c-Kit were negative. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report of a canine cutaneous mast cell tumour associated with neoplastic pericardial effusion and widespread intrathoracic metastasis.

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