Investigation of correlations between clinical signs and pathological findings in cats and dogs with inflammatory bowel disease

Farray, D and Rodriguez, F and Ravelo-Garcìa, A and Suarez-Bonne, A and Francisco-Arteaga, C and Jaber, J R (2020) Investigation of correlations between clinical signs and pathological findings in cats and dogs with inflammatory bowel disease. KAFKAS ÜNİVERSİTESİ VETERİNER FAKÜLTESİ DERGİSİ, 26 (5). ISSN 1300-6045

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Abstract

This paper compares the correlation between the clinical signs and the histopathological observations of the entire intestine in cats and dogs with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). To perform this study, hospital records of 53 dogs and 20 cats of different sex, ages, and breed diagnosed with IBD following the histopathological criteria of the World Small Animal Veterinary Association (WSAVA) were evaluated. The results obtained in this study did show correlations between some clinical signs and the histopathological assessment of dogs and cats with IBD. Therefore, a slight association between diarrhea and lacteal dilation in the small bowel, and diarrhea and desquamation in the large bowel of dogs with IBD was seen, but no other associations were found between the rest of the lesions and symptoms. In contrast, cats only showed a correlation between anorexia with villous stunting and villous epithelial injury, without correspondence among other clinical signs and lesions. The results of this study propose that the evaluation of IBD can be complicated, especially with the use of retrospective records of archived intestinal biopsies and subjective clinical and histopathologic decisions.

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