Hypertension: Why Is It Critical?

Geddes, R F (2020) Hypertension: Why Is It Critical? Veterinary Clinics of North America - Small Animal Practice, 50. pp. 1037-1052. ISSN 0195-5616

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Hypertension is a common problem, particularly in older cats. Hypertension secondary to a concurrent disease is the most common form of hypertension in cats, particularly in association with chronic kidney disease or hyperthyroidism. However, idiopathic hypertension may account for up to 24% of cases. Any form of persistent hypertension risks target organ damage (TOD), therefore measurement of blood pressure is vital in at-risk cats to identify occult hypertension before TOD occurs. This article addresses when and how to perform blood pressure measurement in cats, TOD that has been documented in this species, and our evidence basis for treating hypertension.

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