Anaesthetic management and complications of canine adrenalectomies: 41 cases (2007-2017)

Merlin, T and Veres-Nyeki, K O (2019) Anaesthetic management and complications of canine adrenalectomies: 41 cases (2007-2017). ACTA VETERINARIA HUNGARICA, 67 (2). pp. 282-295.

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Abstract

Little information is available about the management of adrenalectomies in veterinary anaesthesia. The aim of this study was to describe the anaesthetic techniques, the complication rate and outcome of these cases. Data were collected retrospectively from patients' records. Descriptive statistics were performed with Student's t-tests and Chi-square tests where appropriate. Forty-one cases were included. The mean age was 124.7 ± 29.4 months and the median body weight was 23.1 kg (5.3–69 kg). Carcinoma was the most common diagnosis (34.1%). Premedication was most commonly achieved with methadone alone (70.7%) IV. Propofol was the most common induction agent (39%). An infusion of opioids (80.4%) and an epidural injection of morphine (70.7%) were the most common analgesic techniques. Hypotension was the most common complication observed (51.2%). The mortality rate was 14.6%. The lowest recorded oesophageal temperature was statistically associated with the incidence of haemorrhage (P = 0.025). The invasion of the vena cava (P = 0.001) was significantly associated with haemorrhagic complications. The survival rate was better when patients received hydrocortisone intra-operatively (P = 0.026). This study highlights some possible association between the anaesthetic management and the outcome of the procedure.

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