Animal influence on water, sanitation and hygiene measures for zoonosis control at the household level: A systematic literature review

Matilla, F and Velleman, Y and Harrison, W and Nevel, M (2018) Animal influence on water, sanitation and hygiene measures for zoonosis control at the household level: A systematic literature review. PLOS NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES.

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Abstract

Neglected zoonotic diseases (NZDs) have a significant impact on the livelihoods of the world’s poorest populations, which often lack access to basic services. Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programmes are included among the key strategies for achieving the World Health Organization’s 2020 Roadmap for Implementation for control of Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs). There exists a lack of knowledge regarding the effect of animals on the effectiveness of WASH measures. This review looked to identify how animal presence in the household influences the effectiveness of water, hygiene and sanitation measures for zoonotic disease control in low and middle income countries; to identify gaps of knowledge regarding this topic based on the amount and type of studies looking at this particular interaction.

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