One Health Economics to confront disease threats

Machalaba, C and Smith, K M and Awada, L and Berry, K and Berthe, F and Bouley, T A and Bruce, M and Cortiñas Abrahantes, J and El Turabi, A and Feferholtz, Y and Flynn, L and Fournié, G and Andre, A and Grace, D and Jonas, O and Kimani, T and Le Gall, F and Miranda, J J and Peyre, M and Pinto, J and Ross, N and Rüegg, S R and Salerno, R H and Seifman, R and Zambrana-Torrelio, C and Karesh, W B (2017) One Health Economics to confront disease threats. Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 111 (6). pp. 235-237. ISSN 0035-9203

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1093/trstmh/trx039

Abstract

Global economic impacts of epidemics suggest high return on investment in prevention and One Health capacity. However, such investments remain limited, contributing to persistent endemic diseases and vulnerability to emerging ones. An interdisciplinary workshop explored methods for country-level analysis of added value of One Health approaches to disease control. Key recommendations include: 1. systems thinking to identify risks and mitigation options for decision-making under uncertainty; 2. multisectoral economic impact assessment to identify wider relevance and possible resource-sharing, and 3. consistent integration of environmental considerations. Economic analysis offers a congruent measure of value complementing diverse impact metrics among sectors and contexts.