The genomes and history of domestic animals

Larkin, D M and Yudin, N S (2017) The genomes and history of domestic animals. Molecular Genetics, Microbiology and Virology, 31 (4). pp. 197-202.

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This paper reviews how mammalian genomes are utilized in modern genetics for the detection of genes and polymorphisms (mutations) within domesticated animal (mostly livestock) genomes that are related to traits of economic importance to humans. Examples are given of how genetic analysis allows to determine key genes associated with the quality and quantity of milk in cattle and key genes for meat production. Various questions are reviewed, such as how contemporary methods of genome sequencing allow to maximise the effective detection of coding and regulatory DNA polymorphisms within the genomes of major domesticated mammals (cattle, sheep and pigs) and the history of their formation from the standpoint of genetics.

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