International Veterinary Epilepsy Task Force recommendations for systematic sampling and processing of brains from epileptic dogs and cats

Matiasek, K and Pumarola Batlle, M and Rosati, M and Fernandez-Flores, F and Fischer, A and Wagner, E and Berendt, M and Bhatti, S F M and De Risio, L and Farquhar, R G and Long, S and Munana, K and Patterson, E E and Pakozdy, A and Penderis, J and Platt, S and Podell, M and Potschka, H and Rusbridge, C and Stein, V M and Tipold, A and Volk, H A (2015) International Veterinary Epilepsy Task Force recommendations for systematic sampling and processing of brains from epileptic dogs and cats. BMC Veterinary Research, 11 (216).

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Abstract

Traditionally, histological investigations of the epileptic brain are required to identify epileptogenic brain lesions, to evaluate the impact of seizure activity, to search for mechanisms of drug-resistance and to look for comorbidities. For many instances, however, neuropathological studies fail to add substantial data on patients with complete clinical work-up. This may be due to sparse training in epilepsy pathology and or due to lack of neuropathological guidelines for companion animals. The protocols introduced herein shall facilitate systematic sampling and processing of epileptic brains and therefore increase the efficacy, reliability and reproducibility of morphological studies in animals suffering from seizures. Brain dissection protocols of two neuropathological centres with research focus in epilepsy have been optimised with regards to their diagnostic yield and accuracy, their practicability and their feasibility concerning clinical research requirements. The recommended guidelines allow for easy, standardised and ubiquitous collection of brain regions, relevant for seizure generation. Tissues harvested the prescribed way will increase the diagnostic efficacy and provide reliable material for scientific investigations.