Molecular identification of novel intermediate host species of Angiostrongylus vasorum in Greater London

Patel, Z and Gill, A C and Fox, M T and Hermosilla, C and Backeljau, T and Breugelmans, K and Keevash, E and McEwan, C and Aghazadeh, M and Elson-Riggins, J G (2014) Molecular identification of novel intermediate host species of Angiostrongylus vasorum in Greater London. PARASITOLOGY RESEARCH, 113 (12). pp. 4363-4369.

[img] Text
8855.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (336kB)

Abstract

Angiostrongylus vasorum is a parasitic nematode that can cause serious and potentially fatal disease in dogs and other canids. The aim of this study was to determine the intermediate slug species infected in nature by sampling sites in Greater London and Hertfordshire located within a known hyperendemic region. Overall, A. vasorum larvae were recovered from 6/381 slugs (1.6 %) by tissue digestion, and their identity was confirmed by PCR. Infected slugs originated from three different sites in the Greater London area: one in Waltham Forest and two in Bromley. Slugs parasitised by A. vasorum were identified by a combination of external morphological characteristics and molecular techniques and belonged to three different families: the Arionidae, the Milacidae and the Limacidae. This includes two new host records for the parasite: Arion distinctus and Tandonia sowerbyi. This is the first record of A. vasorum in the family Milacidae, indicating that the parasite has a broader intermediate host range than previously recognised.