Mechanical loading enhances the anabolic effects of intermittent parathyroid hormone (1-34) on trabecular and cortical bone in mice

Sugiyama, T and Saxon, L K and Zaman, G and Moustafa, A and Sunters, A and Price, J S and Lanyon, L E (2008) Mechanical loading enhances the anabolic effects of intermittent parathyroid hormone (1-34) on trabecular and cortical bone in mice. BONE, 43 (2). pp. 238-248.

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Abstract

The separate and combined effects of intermittent parathyroid hormone (iPTH) (1-34) and mechanical loading were assessed at trabecular and cortical sites of mouse long bones. Female C57BL/6 mice from 13 to 19 weeks of age were given daily injections of vehicle or PTH (1-34) at low (20 mu g/kg/day), medium (40 mu g/kg/day) or high (80 [mu g/kg/day) dose. For three alternate clays per week during the last two weeks of this treatment, the tibiae and ulnae on one side were subjected to a single period of non-invasive, dynamic axial loading (40 cycles at 10 Hz with 10-second intervals between each cycle). Two levels of peak load were used; one sufficient to engender an osteogenic response, and the other insufficient to do so. The whole tibiae and ulnae were analyzed post-mortem by micro-computed tomography with a resolution of 5 pm. Treatment with iPTH (1-34) modified bone structure in a close- and time-dependent manner, which was particularly evident in the trabecular region of the proximal tibia. In the tibia, loading at a level sufficient by itself to stimulate osteogenesis produced an osteogenic response in the low-dose iPTH (1-34)-treated trabecular bone and in the proximal and middle cortical bone treated with all doses of iPTH (1-34). In the ulna, loading at a level that did not by itself stimulate osteogenesis was osteogenic at the distal site when combined with high-dose iPTH (1-34). At both levels of loading, there were synergistic effects in Cortical bone volume of the Proximal tibia and distal ulna between loading and high-dose iPTH (1-34). Images of fluorescently labelled bones confirmed that such synergism resulted from increases in both endosteal and periosteal bone formation. No woven bone was induced by iPTH (1-34) or either level of loading alone, whereas the combination of iPTH (1-34) and the "sufficient" level of loading stimulated woven bone formation on endosteal and periosteal surfaces of the proximal cortex in the tibiae. Together, these data suggest that in female C57BL/6 mice, under some but not all circumstances, mechanical loading exerts an osteogenic response with iPTH (1-34) in trabecular and cortical bone. (c) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.