Effect of Dose of Cloprostenol on the Interval to Ovulation in the Diestrous Mare: A Retrospective Study

Newcombe, J R and Jochle, W and Cuervo-Arango, J (2008) Effect of Dose of Cloprostenol on the Interval to Ovulation in the Diestrous Mare: A Retrospective Study. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science, 28 (9). pp. 532-539.

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Abstract

Although the ovulatory effects of prostaglandins are well documented in several domestic species including horses, there has been little attention paid to the use of this ovulatory effect for clinical purposes. Mares often grow large follicles during the luteal phase that may or may not ovulate before progesterone levels decline. Clinical observations of administering prostaglandins in disestrous mares with large follicles suggest that there may be a negative correlation between follicular diameter and interval from treatment to ovulation. The objectives of this study were twofold: to investigate the cloprostenol dose rate effect on interval to ovulation and to confirm the negative correlation between follicular diameter and interval to ovulation. The hypothesis tested was that high doses of cloprostenol given in diestrous to mares with larger follicles would induce ovulation more rapidly than in mares given lower doses or with smaller follicles. To test the hypothesis, a total of 1,234 estrous cycles were induced with different doses of cloprostenol (ranging from 8.75 to 625 mu g). All mares had at least one follicle of 28 mm or larger. Dominant follicles were followed by transrectal ultrasound examinations every other day until ovulation was detected. There was a significant effect of dose (P < .000) and follicular diameter (P < .000) on the interval from treatment to ovulation. The shortest mean interval (2.4 days) was observed after administration of 625 mu g in mares with follicles 36mm or larger, whereas the longest (4.9 days) occurred after 8.75 mu g in follicles to 28 to 31 mm.