Contextualized Simulation and Procedural Skills: A View from Medical Education

Kneebone, R and Baillie, S (2008) Contextualized Simulation and Procedural Skills: A View from Medical Education. JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICAL EDUCATION, 35 (4). pp. 595-598.

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Abstract

Simulation otters an attractive solution to the profound changes affecting traditional approaches to learning clinical procedural skills. Technical developments In physical models and virtual-reality computing make it possible to practice an increasing range of procedures "in vitro." However, too narrow a focus on technical skill can overlook crucial elements of clinical care such as communication and professionalism. Patient-focused simulation (the combination of a simulated patient with an Inanimate simulator or Item of medical equipment) allows clinical procedures to be practiced and assessed within realistic scenarios that recreate clinical challenges by placing a real person at the center of the encounter. This paper draws on work with human clinical procedures, exploring the parallels with veterinary practice and highlighting possible developments in client-focused simulation. The paper concludes by arguing for closer collaboration and dialogue between the medical and veterinary professions, for the benefit of both.