Application of seminal plasma in sex-sorting and sperm cryopreservation

de Graaf, S P and Leahy, T and Marti, J and Evans, G and Maxwell, W M C (2008) Application of seminal plasma in sex-sorting and sperm cryopreservation. In: UNSPECIFIED.

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Abstract

Substantial dilution of boar semen during processing decreased the concentration of seminal plasma, perhaps contributing to the decline in sperm quality after cryopreservation and sex-sorting. Results of replacing seminal plasma in investigations from many laboratories have been contradictory. Results and discussion here suggest that whereas membrane status can be influenced by seminal plasma, the action of its various components, both positive and negative. is determined in part by the membrane status of the spermatozoa to which it is being exposed. Although progress has been made in identifying components of seminal plasma responsible for its protective effect (notably PSP-I/II spermadhesin for sex-sorted boar spermatozoa), little is known (in any species) regarding how external factors may influence their levels, and their functionality, in seminal plasma. It is noteworthy that seminal plasma is beneficial to post-thaw quality of sex-sorted rain spermatozoa only when added before freezing, not after thawing. Therefore, the action of seminal plasma and its components is dependent oil sperm-related factors, in particular the type of processing to which they have been previously exposed. Further research is needed to unravel these biological complexities. and then characterise and synthesise useful Proteins Within seminal plasma. (C) 2008 Published by Elsevier Inc.