Repeatability of preovulatory follicular diameter and uterine edema pattern in two consecutive cycles in the mare and how they are influenced by ovulation inductors

Cuervo-Arango, J and Newcombe, J R (2008) Repeatability of preovulatory follicular diameter and uterine edema pattern in two consecutive cycles in the mare and how they are influenced by ovulation inductors. Theriogenology, 69 (6). pp. 681-687.

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Abstract

Follicular diameter is used as a guiding tool to predict ovulation in the mare. However, the great range in preovulatory follicular diameter makes prediction of optimal breeding time based on follicular diameter unreliable. Uterine edema pattern is also useful to determine the best time to breed, since intensity of edema tends to dissipate as ovulation approaches, however, not every mare follows this pattern. The aims of this study were to assess the repeatability of preovulatory follicular diameter and uterine edema pattern in two consecutive spontaneous cycles and to determine how induction treatments (hCG, PGF(2)alpha and GnRH analogues) influence them. Fifty-three mares were followed during two consecutive cycles and scanned three times a day from 2 to 3 days before ovulation. During the first cycle, mares had a spontaneous ovulation and in the consecutive cycle mares received either: (a) no hormonal treatment; (b) 1500 IU hCG; (c) 125-250 mu g Cloprostenol or (d) 2.1 mg Deslorelin implant. Mares ovulated consistently from similar follicular diameters in two consecutive spontaneous cycles (r = 0.89; P < 0.000). All three induction treatments had a significant effect on reducing the preovulatory follicular diameter (P < 0.005). Mares showed fair correlation in uterine edema patterns in both consecutive non-induced cycles (r = 0.71; P < 0.005). In conclusion mares in consecutive cycles ovulated from consistent follicular diameters. Follicular diameters recorded from previous ovulations can be relied on to predict the optimal breeding time in successive cycles especially in mares that ovulate from unusually small follicles. (c) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.