Associations between clinical canine leishmaniosis and multiple vector-borne co-infections: a case-control serological study

Attipa, C and Solano-Gallego, L and Leutenegger, C M and Papasouliotis, K and Soutter, F and Balzer, J and Carver, S and Buch, J S and Tasker, S (2019) Associations between clinical canine leishmaniosis and multiple vector-borne co-infections: a case-control serological study. BMC Veterinary Research, 15 (331).

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Abstract

Dogs that have clinical leishmaniosis (ClinL), caused by the parasite Leishmania infantum, are commonly co-infected with other pathogens, especially vector-borne pathogens (VBP). A recent PCR-based study found that ClinL dogs are more likely to be additionally infected with the rickettsial bacteria Ehrlichia canis. Further information on co-infections in ClinL cases with VBP, as assessed by serology, is required. The research described in this report determined if dogs with ClinL are at higher risk of exposure to VBP than healthy control dogs using a case-control serology study.