Cell specific microvesicles vary with season and disease predisposition in healthy and previously laminitic ponies

Finding, E J T and Lawson, C and Elliott, J and Harris, P A and Menzies-Gow, N J (2018) Cell specific microvesicles vary with season and disease predisposition in healthy and previously laminitic ponies. VETERINARY IMMUNOLOGY AND IMMUNOPATHOLOGY.

[img]
Preview
Text
11529.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (905kB) | Preview

Abstract

Microvesicles are small (up to 1 μm) vesicles found in plasma and other bodily fluids. They are recognised as part of the normal system of inter-cellular communication but altered numbers are also used as biomarkers of disease. Microvesicles have not been studied in detail in the horse but may be relevant to diseases such as laminitis. Identification of equine cell specific microvesicles was performed by developing a panel of cross reactive antibodies to use in flow cytometry to detect microvesicles of platelet, leucocyte and endothelial origin in plasma from healthy ponies and those predisposed to laminitis. The total number and proportion of microvesicles from the different cell types varied with season and there were more annexin V positive endothelial MV in non laminitic ponies compared to previously laminitic ponies. Development of this antibody panel and the technique for measuring microvesicles in the horse opens a new field for further investigation of these important structures in equine health and disease.