Prognostic value of early magnetic resonance imaging in dogs after traumatic brain injury: 50 cases

Beltran, E and Platt, S R and McConnell, J F and Dennis, R and Keys, D A and De Risio, L (2014) Prognostic value of early magnetic resonance imaging in dogs after traumatic brain injury: 50 cases. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 28 (4). pp. 1256-62.

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Abstract

Retrospective study of dogs with TBI that underwent 1.5T MRI within 14 days after head trauma. MRI evaluators were blinded to the clinical presentation, and all images were scored based on an MRI grading system (Grade I [normal brain parenchyma] to Grade VI [bilateral lesions affecting the brainstem with or without any lesions of lesser grade]). Skull fractures, percentage of intraparenchymal lesions, degree of midline shift, and type of brain herniation were evaluated. MGCS was assessed at presentation. The presence of seizures was recorded. Outcome was assessed at 48 h (alive or dead) and at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after TBI.