CT findings in Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in five dogs

Schiborra, F and Scudder, C J and Littler, R M and Lamb, C R and McConnell, J F and Maddox, T W (2018) CT findings in Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in five dogs. JOURNAL OF SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE, 59 (8). pp. 508-513.

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Abstract

Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia is a rare disease in dogs. It is primarily reported in cavalier King Charles spaniels and miniature dachshunds with suspected underlying immunodeficiency. This case series reports the findings in five dogs (four cavalier King Charles spaniels and one Bedlington terrier) with confirmed P. carinii pneumonia. Thoracic (CT) revealed ground glass opacity of the pulmonary parenchyma with a diffuse or multifocal distribution. The severity of this pattern was variable. Less consistent imaging findings included parenchymal bands, bronchial dilation and signs consistent with pulmonary hypertension. Four dogs recovered well with treatment and there was resolution of CT abnormalities in all dogs with follow-up.