Pericardial effusion associated with systemic inflammatory disease in seven dogs (January 2006 – January 2012)

Covey, H L and Connolly, D J (2018) Pericardial effusion associated with systemic inflammatory disease in seven dogs (January 2006 – January 2012). Journal of Veterinary Cardiology, 20 (2). pp. 123-128.

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Abstract

Pericardial effusion (PE) is reported in dogs as a consequence of neoplasia, primary cardiac disease or as an idiopathic condition. We describe seven dogs with systemic inflammatory disease, PE without tamponade and increased cardiac troponin I concentrations. Echocardiographic findings and adjunctive testing did not identify other known causes of PE. Resolution of the PE was documented in five of seven dogs in which follow-up echocardiography was performed, often after anti-inflammatory therapy. Resolution of PE was associated with normalisation of cardiac troponin I levels. Clinical signs had not recurred in six dogs with follow-up for more than 12 months and up to 7 years. These findings suggest an association between systemic inflammation and PE in dogs