Management of incidentally detected heart murmurs in dogs and cats

Cote, E and Edwards, N J and Ettinger, S J and Fuentes, V L and MacDonald, K A and Scansen, B A and Sisson, D D and Abbott, J A (2015) Management of incidentally detected heart murmurs in dogs and cats. Journal of Veterinary Cardiology, 17 (4). pp. 245-261.

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Abstract

A dog or a cat has an incidentally detected heart murmur if the murmur is an unexpected discovery during a veterinary consultation that was not initially focused on the cardiovascular system. This document presents approaches for managing dogs and cats that have incidentally-detected heart murmurs, with an emphasis on murmur characteristics, signalment profiling, and multifactorial decision-making to choose an optimal course for a given patient.