Regulation of platelet activating factor-induced equine platelet activation by intracellular kinases

Brooks, A C and Menzies-Gow, N J and Wheeler-Jones, C P D and Bailey, S R and Elliott, J and Cunningham, F M (2009) Regulation of platelet activating factor-induced equine platelet activation by intracellular kinases. JOURNAL OF VETERINARY PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS, 32 (2). pp. 189-196.

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Abstract

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) can activate equine platelets directly or indirectly, via leukocyte-derived platelet activating factor (PAF). Thromboxane (Tx) production by LPS-stimulated equine platelets requires p38 MAPK and this kinase has been suggested as a therapeutic target in endotoxaemia. The present study has utilised selective inhibitors to investigate the role of p38 MAPK and two other kinases, phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K) and protein kinase C (PKC), in regulating PAF-induced Tx production, aggregation and 5-HT release in equine platelets, and the modification of these responses by LPS. LPS enhanced PAF-induced 5-HT release, an effect that was reduced by the p38 MAPK inhibitor, SB203580 (60 +/- 8% reduction; n = 6). SB203580 did not affect responses to PAF alone; whereas inhibition of PKC reduced PAF-induced 5-HT release, Tx production and aggregation (maximal inhibition by the PKC delta inhibitor, rottlerin: 69 +/- 13%, 63 +/- 14% and 97 +/- 1%, respectively; n = 6). Wortmannin and LY249002, which inhibit PI3K, also caused significant inhibition of PAF-induced aggregation (maximal inhibition 78 +/- 3% and 88 +/- 2%, respectively; n = 6). These data suggest that inhibition of platelet p38 MAPK may be of benefit in equine endotoxaemia by counteracting some of the effects of LPS. However, detrimental effects of platelet activation mediated by PAF and not enhanced by LPS are unlikely to be markedly affected.