False aneurysms in carotid arteries of cattle and water buffalo during shechita and halal slaughter

Gregory, N G and von Wenzlawowicz, M and Alam, R M and Anil, H M and Sildere, T Y and Silva-Fletcher, A T (2008) False aneurysms in carotid arteries of cattle and water buffalo during shechita and halal slaughter. MEAT SCIENCE, 79 (2). pp. 285-288.

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Abstract

It has previously been shown that the cattle brain is supplied with blood via a basi-occipital plexus, in addition to branches from the carotid and basilar arteries. In addition it has been shown during conventional stunning and slaughter that the carotid arteries in cattle can develop false aneurysms at their severed ends and this can curtail exsanguination. This investigation examined whether false aneurysms can occur during religious slaughter, and during bleeding following electrical stunning that simultaneously induced a cardiac arrest. The prevalence of large (>3 cm outer diameter) false aneurysms in cattle carotid arteries was 10% for both shechita and halal slaughter. The prevalence of animals with bilateral false aneurysms (at least 2 cm in one artery and at least 3 cm diameter in the opposite artery) was 7% and 8% for shechita and halal slaughter, respectively. No false aneurysms occurred during bleeding in cattle that were electrically stunned and simultaneously developed a cardiac arrest. The combination of false aneurysms and collateral routes to the brain present a risk of sustained consciousness during religious slaughter in cattle. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.